Criterion 1 for ORS – very high learning needs

These students have extremely delayed cognitive development, and are considered to have a very high level of needs. At age 5 they are at the earliest levels of child development. Students need total adaptation of all curriculum content.

Typical levels of need for Criteria 1

To meet Criterion 1 these children are, for example, learning to:

  • explore through their senses, for example by putting objects in their mouths
  • wave bye-bye in response
  • take turns at making sounds
  • respond to their name
  • imitate a simple action
  • visually track people moving nearby
  • smile at a familiar person.

Throughout their schooling students who meet Criterion 1 will require very high levels of specialist teacher input and other specialist interventions to learn.

Towards the end of their schooling the students may achieve some early developmental goals. When they leave school they will need fully supported living, working, and recreational and leisure services.

Jenny at 4 years 9 months meets Criterion 1 – a brief profile

Jenny can finger feed and likes to help with hand over hand spoon-feeding. She drinks from a cup with a spout. Jenny sometimes raises her arms to help with undressing.

She shows no recognition when she is wet or soiled. Jenny has learned to walk in the last year.

Jenny's play consists of brief exploration with a few toys that she will put in her mouth, tap or shake. She has some awareness of cause and effect – for example, she will press one of the buttons on a board to hear an animal sound. Jenny will look at a noise-making toy presented from either side of her body.

She has recently started to notice an object she drops on the floor if it remains in sight. She will look at it but not attempt to retrieve it. With support, Jenny can draw, paint and play with dough.

Jenny smiles at a familiar person and is starting to make babbling sounds. When she is content she will smile and make happy noises. She shows she is unhappy by biting her hands and crying.

Students may meet other criteria instead

Students with delayed cognitive development may meet other criteria instead. Check to see which you should apply under.

Criterion 5 applies to students considered to have a high level of needs, requiring less intervention.

Criterion 9.1 applies to students who have delayed cognitive development and 2 of these other needs at moderate or high level – hearing impairment, vision impairment, physical need, and language use and social communication.

Apply for ORS

Go to Apply for ORS for application forms.

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