Board funding for property projects
As a board of trustees, you may use board funding to buy or build property for your school. To do so, you must have Ministry consent and meet all of the Ministry’s criteria. Along with meeting the educational, financial and property criteria, the Ministry considers every application in the context of its impact on the overall network of local schools.
Contact your Ministry property advisor if you are thinking of using board funding on a property project. To apply you must complete the application form [DOCX, 58 KB] and send this to your property advisor.
Impact on overall network
Considering the impact on the local school network will ensure that other schools within a broader network will not be disadvantaged by one board’s ability to fund additional spaces. It will also ensure that there is sufficient space on schools sites to cater for any future in-zone growth should the Ministry need to build additional teaching spaces on the site and offset the need to buy additional land.
See the section below to find out about applying for consent to use board funding.
When you can use board funding for property projects
Board funding (or ‘discretionary funding’) comes from funding sources such as fundraising, grants from trusts and community groups, and bequests. It can also include your surplus operational funding.
You may wish to use board funding to buy or build property, or to expand the scope of a Ministry-funded project, that the Ministry will not fund because:
- it will provide more or different property than your school is entitled to under the School Property Guide (SPG), or
- the community wishes to contribute to a facility for both your school and the wider community to use.
Subject to Ministry consent, you can use board funding to:
- buy a building (that is fit for educational purpose) and move it onto a school site
- build a new building on the school site
- build a facility on the school site jointly with the community, or local council such as a sports complex, or swimming pool
- contribute to or fully fund upgrading or remodelling of a building
- buy additional land, like a sports field
- build facilities, like playgrounds and bike tracks that will benefit the school and community
- lease a property for school use
For more information about managing board-funded property, including insurance and paying ongoing costs, see below.
You need consent to use board funding for property projects
You must have our written consent before you:
- buy, lease or licence land (Schedule 6, Section 34 of the Education Act (external link) )
- build on either board-funded or Ministry land (Property Occupancy Document).
See the section below to find out about applying for consent to use board funding.
You must meet all the following 4 criteria before we will give you consent to buy land, build on the school site, or bring a board-purchased building (that is fit for educational purpose) onto the school site.
1. Educational benefits
The additional property must bring educational benefits to the school by helping to deliver the curriculum.
2. Network considerations
We consider network criteria to ensure fairness to other schools and retain space for any future in-zone growth. The intent of criteria around the wider network is that:
a. any proposed board-funded property (including teaching space) does not cater for out-of-zone students
b. any proposed board-funded property does not constrain our ability to effectively use the school’s site and overall schooling network in future.
3. Financial status
a. You must have accounting advice from the financial advisor at your local Ministry office, and seek your own legal advice if necessary, to support your case for acquiring the property. The financial advisor will review the financial situation of your school and make an assessment as to whether you can afford the cost of the project from your board funds.
b. If you want to use surplus operational funding you must be able to show all the operational needs of the school are met.
c. If you are borrowing, you must meet all the borrowing requirements contained in the Financial Information for Schools Handbook available here.
4. Property standards
a. Any cost to upgrade a building to comply Ministry design and health and safety standards will be met from board or community funds.
b. The additional property can continue to be maintained to Ministry standards using only board and/or community funding.
c. You must provide a Design Certificate signed by an appropriately qualified consultant such as an architect and engineer, as a pre-requisite for Ministry approval.
d. You must submit a report from an appropriately qualified consultant (for example, an engineer or registered building surveyor) for any building you are considering buying for relocation onto site. The consultant must use the Fit for Purpose Assessment Form [PDF, 573 KB].
e. If consent is granted, the additional property must be added in your school's Computer-Aided Design (CAD). You must provide an Asset Update Form, Observation Certificate and Occupancy Use Certificate to the Ministry on completion of the project. These can be found under Project Management Forms.
Buying a private house
You can use board funding to buy a private house. To do this, you must be able to meet:
- all the purchase and operating costs from your board funding and rents
- all the criteria for buying property with board funding, including getting Ministry approval.
Once you own the house, you take on all landlord responsibilities for core houses and must follow the rent scheme for registered teachers and principals. For more information, go to Core housing.
If it is proposed that the house is to be used for anything other than a house (such as a school office or teaching space), then a Resource Consent will be required.
When you build or buy something with board funds, you must pay all the ongoing costs including maintenance, capital upgrades, insurance and operational costs.
If you shared building costs with the Ministry and/or community, you also share the ongoing costs based on ownership percentages. This is shown in the following table.
Responsibilities for ongoing costs of property depending on ownership.
PAID FOR USING
WHO PAYS ONGOING COSTS
Board discretionary funds
You must use board funding to pay for all ongoing costs including maintenance, capital upgrades, insurance and operational costs.
Partly board, partly Ministry funding
Board and Ministry
We will contribute funding to ongoing costs in proportion to our ownership. You must pay your share from board funding.
Partly board and partly community funding with the community retaining a share of ownership
Board and community
You must pay your share from board funding. The community must contribute to costs in proportion to its level of ownership. The community’s share must be recorded in the appropriate Ministry lease agreement.
Community funding on school land
The community must pay all the costs associated with the facility, like a sports arena.
Note: for more on lease agreements, see leasing or hiring your school land and buildings to third parties (external link) .
If you have a board funded building with weathertightness failure (leaking), we may help with funding to fix it. For more information, see weathertightness failure of school buildings (external link) .
Insuring board funded property
You should insure board-funded property. We will not replace it if it is damaged or destroyed. If we have part ownership, we will insure our portion through the School Building Insurance Funding programme (external link) .
Transferring a board owned building to the Ministry
You can ask to transfer ownership of your board owned buildings to us:
- to make up space if you have less space than you are entitled to under an approved Non-Teaching Space (NTS) programme, or
- if you obtain Ministry approved funding for a new teaching space (external link) .
- Unless we agree to transfer them, board-funded classrooms do not count as part of your teaching space entitlement because they are not Ministry-funded.
- If the building you want to transfer is jointly owned by you and us, we will only buy your portion. We will not pay for any property we originally funded.
- You keep ownership of any area of the building that is over your SPG entitlement.
Applying to transfer
To apply to transfer board property to us:
1. notify us in writing that you wish to sell us your board-owned property
2. engage a qualified consultant to do a condition assessment of the building or services, using the Fit for Purpose Assessment Form [PDF, 573 KB] and pay all assessment expenses.
We will assess your application and advise you if we agree to accept its transfer.
Upgrading a building that is transferred to the Ministry
If we agree to the transfer, you will have to decide what upgrades are needed to make the building fit for its new use and/or meet Ministry standards. We will agree a project budget for you under the NTS programme or as a new teaching space project (depending on what type of space the transfer will address).
Carry out any upgrade work following our usual project management requirements.
Selling property funded by the board or community
You may wish to sell property paid for with board or community funding.
- It is not usually practical to sell buildings or services because it’s often difficult to divide the building or services from the school site.
- It may be possible to sell land.
As a board of trustees, you are a Crown agent so any disposal must go through the Crown disposal process.
Talk to the team at your local Ministry office for advice about selling your board-owned property.
Receiving the sale proceeds
The net proceeds of the sale are divided among the owners based on their percentage of ownership. Net proceeds are the amount left from the sale after all costs relating to the sale are paid.
Contact your school's Property Advisor for further information.
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